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about Francis Chapelle
Francis H. Chapelle retired from the U.S. Geological Survey after a forty-year career in 2020. He received B.A. (music) and B.S. (geology) degrees from the University of Maryland and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees (geology) from The George Washington University. His research centered on how microbial processes affect the chemical quality of groundwater in both contaminated and pristine environments. He has authored more than 130 peer-reviewed scientific papers and a textbook (Groundwater Microbiology and Geochemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1st ed. 1993, 2cd ed. 2000). His work won him the O.E. Meinzer Award in Hydrogeology given by The Geological Society of America, 2000 and the U.S. Geological Survey Distinguished Service Award, 2008. In addition he has written two books for the general reader The Hidden Sea: groundwater, springs, and wells (National Groundwater Association, 2000) and Wellsprings: A natural history of bottled spring waters (Rutgers University Press, 2005). His interest in climate change began in 1982 when he discovered that the hydrology of the Atlantic Coastal Plain had been extensively modified during low stands of the oceans during the ice ages (sea level 400 feet below present) when rivers eroded through and truncated both sandy aquifers and their clayey confining beds.